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Alfonso IX was born #onthisday 15th August 1171 A.D. and died 23/24 September 1230 A.D. he was the King of Leon and Galicia after the death of his father Ferdinand II in 1188 A.D.

He managed to take steps forward in the modernizing and democracy of his own kingdom and the founding of the Univesity of Salamance in 1212 A.D.

In 1188 A.D. he summoned the first Parliament of the full representation of citizenry ever seen in western Europe, the Cortes of Leon. Alfonso also took part in the work of Reconquest during the conquering of Extremadura including cities such as Careres and Badojoz.