The power of the pharaohs stem as far as ancient Egypt the power of the Pharaohs shows much symbolism due to Ra, the sun god who was seen as the first ruler of Ancient Egypt.
There have been many representations of the rulers in the Form of the Divine Ruler, the saver, the living embodiment of Amun-ra. The ancient Egyptians believed, without the divine ruler of Egypt.. they would not be safe from the demons and darkness of the night. So for them to have a ruler, was for them to have the unity between upper and lower Egypt. The reward of the sun, was the growing of crops from the planted seeds which in turn led to a stable civilisation and life with a great ruler, believed to be an embodiment of the sun god Ra.
The Word ‘Pharaoh translates to the “Great House” so in terms of reference this meant the royal house would live prosperously, and be strong. It was not until the later periods of Ancient Egypt history that the Egyptians would use the word Pharaoh as more in terms of “Ruler”.
The Pharaoh was seen as the sun who would be fighting the darker demons. There have been such cases in which the pharaoh built many monuments for the gods. These embody Egypt, the Nile, the Sun, the gods, and the Pharaoh mysterious all intertwined together….
The Sed festival was an important part for Ruler in ancient Egypt, when the Pharaoh gets to a certain age in his ruling 20-30 years of a regal year. He needs to be reborn and re-strengthen the ties with their people and the gods.
Pharaohs who didn’t traditionally reign for 30 years were given certain promises, in which they would be granted Jubilees in the afterlife, known as the Promise of Jubilees.
There are two examples Pharaoh’s who stepped away from the traditionality of the 30 year rule, these Pharaohs were Hatshepsut and Akhenaten who reigned in the Eighteenth Dynasty who are better known for reshaping Egypt to allow the occupation of foreigners in Egyptian lands, reestablishing oneself and even changing religious and civil traditions.
Rituals which took place in the meaning of a pharaoh include:
Sceptre, Sceptre was an important part of a Pharaoh’s custom because its symbolism was that of the general authority and kingship of ancient Egypt. Another such example was the “Was Sceptre” this is an early known depiction from the first dynasty era.
Uraeus was a roaring Cobra which protected the pharaohs from its enemies by spitting out fire at them.
When the Crown Prince came of age they adopted the name Pharaoh Horus this name was taken as it represented the god Horus who was known to have been a reborn god.
The pharaoh was, as was the High priest expected to perform rituals, ceremonies and build temples and other religious buildings to please the gods and the people.
One of the most important responsibilities of the pharaoh was the order of Ma’at to keep peace and balance in the universe of Egypt. He also had responsibilities of making new temples and monuments in this event to upkeep them which would empower him and his people through the worship of the gods.
Thutmoses III rule was interesting, he had a co-regency with Hatshepsut when he came of age he started going on to a more military rule, by showing his strength as a leader and Pharaoh. He had an active role in the capturing of 350 cities and expanding his empire with seventeen of these military campaigns in expanding the empire near to Euphrates and Nubia, which were lands that lay far East of Egypt. In this, he was the first pharaoh to cross the Euphrates and have a campaign with the Mitanni. Thutmose III established his rule and legacy and was regarded as the “Napoleon of Egypt”.
There have been many pharaohs who have ruled Egypt, such as the Great Narmer who united Egypt or Thutmose III who conquered many cities and even Akhenaten who played an interesting role in the change of religion and rule. Pharaoh’s, King’s or whichever label you choose to use, one must think of these rulers of Egypt as symbolic and eternal, much in line with the ancient beliefs, that it how best to understand Egypt in its ancient sense.
Akhenaten was especially remembered for abandoning the traditional way of religion in the Egyptian polytheism and introduced a new radical central worship centered on Aten. Some have referred to this as henotheistic, monolatrism or even a quasi-monotheistic. Earlier accounts liken that of Aten to the suns which were compared to the stars, later having Aten thought of as a god who was given a Solar deities status and symbolism, who stands above mere gods. The Akhenaten legacy, as the Pharaoh, was through the change of religion and his ever lasting legacy of “Amarna Period.
Hatshepsut’s rule was one of much interest as she transformed herself from a Queen to a Ruler of ancient Egypt, her legacy is one that shakes the ground of ancient Egyptian history itself. The longest reigning woman in ancient Egypt, she created major trading routes with many nations bordering ancient Egypt and eradicated many ancient monuments, that were spread all over Egypt.
Coronation of a King/Pharaoh
The coronation of a ruler in ancient Egypt is central when thinking of living in the early ancient Egyptian historical periods, it concerns the change of power and rulership between the two succeeding pharaohs. On the succession of the throne, it was celebrated in many ways such as rites, ceremonies, and feasts.
The sokar festival was another ancient old ritual for the pharaohs. It was mentioned in the old Predynastic artefacts often in Ivory labels which belong to the Mighty Kings Scorpion II, Narmer, Aha and Djer.
The early symbolism of the feast also included the creation of the rowing boat which was a cult image of Sokar. This boat was important to the King because of the sacred lake and Nile. There was another such ritual which erected the richly loaded djed-pillar. Lastly, this was a feast in celebration of the coronation, in both the symbolic or physical sense in which the death of the predecessor from the second dynasty onwards and every sixth year was celebrated along with sed festival.