Cornelis de Houtman was born #onthisday, 2nd April 1565 A.D. and died 1st September 1599 A.D. the brother of Frederick de Houtman, he was a Dutch explorer who charted the new sea route from the Europe to Indonesia, this was began the Dutch Spice Trade. During this time the Portuguese Empire held a Monopoly on the spice trade and there was a symbolic victory for the Dutch because even though the voyage was a disaster.

Houtman is interesting because he was also a spy having worked against the portuguese by bringing back information for the Netherlands.