Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex was born #onthisday, 11th January 1591 A.D. and died on 14th September 1646 A.D. He was an English Parliamentarian and a solider during the first half of the 17th century. The start of the English Civil war 1642 A.D. he became the first Captain-General and also Chief Commander of the Parliamentarian Army who were known as the Roundheads. He was unable and unwilling to score a decisiv blow against the Royalist’s, the army of King Charles I. Eventually he was overshadowed by Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Fairfax and he resigned in commission 1646 A.D.

Robert Devereux who was the son of the heir of Robert Deverux, 2nd Earl of Essex who was a coutier and a solider in the later reign of Queen Elizabeth I. His mother was Frances Walsingham.