Kleopatra-VII.-Altes-Museum-Berlin1

Cleopatra VII was born in 69 B.C. and died #onthisday in history August 12th 30 B.C. She was the last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt, but it was short lived. Her son Caesarion ruled after her reign of Egypt when it became a province of the recently established Roman empire.

Ptolemaic was the last dynasty to rule in Egypt and Cleopatra was the member, they were a Family from Macedonian Greek, which originally ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great’s death during the Hellenistic period. Throughout the Ptolemies dynasty they refused to speak Egyptian and spoke Greek as well as the Egyptian language. Egyptian was used in the official court documents such as the Rosetta Stone. But unlike former rulers of Ptolematic era, Cleopatra learned both Greek and Egyptian which showed her as a representation of Egyptian goddess Isis.

Cleopatra ruled jointly with her father Ptolemy XII Auletes then later with her brothers who were, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV who she married due to Egyptian custom, she eventually became the sole ruler of Egypt.

Through her rule she had made love with Julius Caesar for political and social means, which had solidified her grip on the throne, due to this she was able elevate her son to the throne and mixed the name with Caesar, who was Caesarion.  With Julius Caesar’s assassination in 44 B.C. she then aligned herself with Mark Anthony who was assumed the title of Caesar in the legal era, then fell in love. After the losing of the Battle of Actium to Octavian forces, Anthony committed suicide and Cleo followed in his footsteps. But according to tradition she killed herself by means of asp bite. Even though they had children together, she bore two twins, Selene II and Alexander Helios.

 

 

 

 

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