Tudhaliya_IV

1834 A.D. Was a Vital year for the mention word of Hittites there has only been a handful reference to this empire, cultures or people from Ancient Anatolians civilisation few references from the Hebrew Bible.

The Origins of the Hittites is a complex journey through history we have to go back to the setting of the Bronze Age era.

In the 19 century, the biblical encounters which identify the Indo-European speaking Empire of the Anatolians was a regional power from the 2nd Millennium B.C , who were later known as the Hittites. There is a strong link between the text and the empires in the Anatolian existence this has played a vital role in the development and understandings of the Hittites of the location.

This takes place in a complex period of history which stems from 2000 years of history and the civilisations in the ancient past near the  east, from around about Late fourth until second millennium BC. There was many different civilisations in this period with great cultural and social achievements in history such as the Ancient Mesopotamian and Egypt was central.

To understand the geography and the economical importance and resources of Anatolia it had a rich source of copper, arsenic, nickel and lead.

The Hittites kingdom was founded in the early or middle years of the seventeenth century, the capital of their empire was known as Hattusa located 150 kilometres east of Ankara.

Around the city there was a great temple in this temple the priest saw the needs of the storm god and sun goddess who was the divine couple which ruled the Hittite pantheon, this temple had a storeroom which surrounded the temple and stored the temples wealth and areas such as Workshops kitchens and residential quarter for the temple staff.

Chariots were essential to the Hittites military structure because it was a core division, even though it belonged to the bronze age, but they are the forerunners of the Iron age. They developed many iron artefacts and weaponry.

 

The empire reached at its apex during the mid 14 century B.C. under the ruler known as Supiluliuma I when it conquered the are which included most of the Asia minor and parts of the Levant and upper Mesopotamia. After the year of 1180 B.C. the Empire came to the end of the age of Bronze and it led to its collapse, but the empire went into several independent city states such as “Neo-Hittie” which survived until the 8th century B.C.

NeoHittiteStates

 

Reference:

The kingdom of the Hittites, oxford university press, 2005, Trevor byrce.

 

The Hitties and their world , Billie Collins,Brill 2008

Advertisements