Due to the latest news of a Kurgan-style tomb found in turkey it gave me a thought to write a short article on what is a Kurgan? A kurgan has appeared in historical and archaeological records and some have been dated back to the 4th millennium B.C. in the Caucasus region. But the Kurgan’s were characteristics of the bronze age people which have been found to have lived in the Altay mountains, other areas have been found in Ukraine, Bulgaria, and, Romania. Kurgan’s were even used in the Ukrainian Russian steppes, which spread through the migration movement of people from, Central East and Northern Europe 3rd millennium B.C.
Map of the Indo-European Migration from 4000-1000 bc according to the kurgan model. (Google)
Kurgan is a type of Burial mound or a barrow with a heaped burial chamber which is usually made of wood. These were very complex burial mounds with internal chambers, within the heart of the Kurgan there was elite individuals which contained grave goods, items such as armor, food, and the sacrificial offerings, which could also have horses and chariots which was used daily by the owner. But the earlier structures of Kurgan’s have been traced to the “Neolithic Period” which is 4th and 3rd millenniums B.C. until the 1st millennium B.C. which had archaic forms. Inspired by a common traits of mythological and rituals ideas.
From the hurriyetdailynews on the Kurgans news
“The tomb is “the first and oldest 5,000-year-old kurgan-style tomb that has been discovered and completely unearthed in Turkey,” according to the excavation report”