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Figure one: from Giorgio Vasari (google images)

Cyprus myths and tales have spanned for many thousands of years and here is a few particular stories I want to talk about.

Aphrodite this story is very interesting because  it was created after a major Battle.

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Figure two : the birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli, Circa 1485. 

One of the most famous versions of her story and myth are that of her place and that her birth was the created due to a major battle of two deities in which Cronus severed Uranus’ genitals and threw him into the sea, but from the genitals the battle which gave rise to the Goddess created from love and hate, known as “Aphrodite” which is translated to mean “Foam-Arisen”. Upon Hesiod, the story was stated that they (the genitals) “were carried over the sea for a long time, and white foam arose from the immortal flesh; with it a girl grew.” From this she grew into the Goddess known as Aphrodite, as a mature lady, and Venus which rises from the sea, her city where she was born near was Paphos. “described by the Pliny the Elder

The myth of the brothers who fled troy Treucer was the half brother of Ajax, who fought in the “Trojan war” he was the legendary founder of salamis on Cyprus in search for a new home! He couldn’t return home from the Trojan war because of his brother Ajax was killed and he couldn’t avenge him.

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figure three ( Unit IA and XIIA Khirokitia, between 7000 and 5800 BC)

Cyprus has always been an important part of history because of its location and natural borders of the sea, in middle east. Europe and North Africa has been vital in the development of its history. The islands earliest known human actives are around the 10th Millennium B.C., they are well preserved archaeological remains and well-preserved remains of the “Neolithic Village”of Khirokitia. Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.

There was a two wave of settles of the “Mycenaean Greek” who played a important part in the 2nd Millennium B.C. Over many centuries there has been many major powers such as the empire of the < Assyrians, Persians, Egyptians,the island was conquered by Alexander the Great in the year of 33 B.C. Other Empires such as Ptolemaic Egyptian Empire in the classical periods, The Eastern Roman Empire known as “Byzantine Empire.” Then the Arab Empires, French Lusignan dynasty, Venetians and then followed by the Ottoman Empire and finally the British Empire’s rule.

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figure four : Historical map of Cyprus by Piri Reis : google images

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figure five( Cyprus: 800-600 BC Jug image from ,Neues Musuem Berlin)

Cyprus is known for great wine throughout many empires and, olives, for its fertile lands of agriculture, pottery, craftsman and numerous resources, which play a part for empires trade systems. It was an important maritime hub for trade, for example the Silk Road, and cross roads of many places in the red sea, exchanging goods and ideas. So Cyprus has truly lived up to the Aphrodite  legends of beauty and importance. As Cyprus has been labelled “Cyprus is a spice from the east”. To remember Cyprus as a rich heritage from many different empires and culture, so it has different eras of time and is like “A Capsule of History” within a “island”.

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