Figure one from google images
Upon the defeat at the battle of Barnet from the previous somewhat 6,000 troops from the Lancastrian side under the Duke of Somerset was marching to meet Jasper Tudor in wales.
Whilst king Edward IV learnt of the movement of the Lancastrians he went with an estimated 5,000 troops, with 3,500 Yorkist troops to cut them off and confront them.
However the battle took place on the 3 of may in the year of 1471, Lancastrians took their places and defenses were set up which the Yorkist’s found it difficult to go through the terrain, there was a moment when the battle got so heated it was called the “bloody meadow” where men got hacked and chopped in the river.
After the battle the Lancastrian queen Margaret was found nearby and captured
Legacy and what happened after
Execution of the duke somerset at the battle image
The battle of Tewkesbury took place in history on the date 4 of may 1471. This was one of most important battles of the “war of the roses”. The loyal forces of the “house of Lancaster” which were defeated by the other rival “houses of York.” While under there monarch known as Edward IV. There was many fierce battles between the two houses for a while. The apparent Lancastrian heir to the throne Edward, Prince of Wales who was Henry VI Son. Various Lancastrian nobles were killed or dragged to be immediately executed days after. Henry VI who was held prisoner at the: Tower of London, whilst there he had found out about the news of his son, Henry died soon after of a melancholic madness.(execution speculation on his death still stands on the orders of Edward).
This restored power and stability to England under Edward IV until the year of 1483.
The crowning of Henry VII “Tudor dynasty”
When Edward the IV died Henry VII was one of the claimants to the throne even though he was a victor of the final battle and married Elizabeth of York. The battle of Bosworth cemented his victory and parliament concerted it. Henry was crowned on the 30 of October and his coronation then took place a week later on the 7th of November where had met with the parliament.
Another point to mention was that he asked for the pope to marry him to Elizabeth of York on 18 of January 1486 they were both united and ended the Plantagenet dynastic disputes.
While the remaining family relatives of the house of York, had remained loyal to Henry Tudor to ensure his strength and longevity on the throne. In his methods he was either very generous towards them or harsh in his mentions by keeping: Yorkist families close to him, this would ensure loyalty and unity. An example is of the Earl of Warwick being sent to the tower to live under house protection and hence keep him controlled. In many ways the Yorkist were either incorporated into the inner circle of Henry Tudor, or had harsh means used on them to maintain control of the possible volatile variables.
By the year of 1490 his power as King was total and became “Supreme Ruler”, after nearly 24 years of Henry’s rule he created the “House of Tudor” dynasty.
The legacy of Henry VII is that he is remembered as the one who unified England after a long time of brutal conflict with which was known as the War of the Roses, by uniting the houses Lancaster and York who were constantly feuding with each other throughout the Plantergent era. Tudors rule had created economical stability and trade agreements with various European Empires including the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, France and Burgundy.
The law enforcement and unity created many powerful nobleman, but what worked effectively by making them loyal to his crown and him he which created peace and unity. Henry Tudor also revived the “privy council” which was a small amount of trustees and advisers to the king which helped in many areas. The legacy of the house of Tudor,was the dynastic hold by the Tudors, The Tudors were also thought of as the father of unity after the many problems of England and the kingdoms, strengthening the monarchical system in the medieval era, and much more.
Third image from google images